The CHIPS Act: Revolutionizing USA Manufacturing, Real Estate, and Construction

by Adam Stark

The CHIPS Act, short for the Creating Helpful Incentives to Produce Semiconductors for America Act, represents a landmark legislative effort to bolster the United States semiconductor industry. As global demand for semiconductors continues to surge, the CHIPS Act aims to restore America's leadership in chip manufacturing, drive innovation, and create a resilient domestic supply chain. This blog post delves into the details of the CHIPS Act, its implications for the semiconductor industry, the various developments and projects emerging across the United States, and how these developments impact real estate development and construction.


Semiconductors are the backbone of modern technology, powering everything from smartphones and computers to advanced medical devices and automotive systems. However, over the past few decades, the United States has witnessed a significant decline in its share of global semiconductor manufacturing, leading to increased reliance on foreign suppliers. The COVID-19 pandemic further exposed vulnerabilities in the worldwide supply chain, prompting urgent calls for action to ensure the nation's technological and economic security.

The CHIPS Act was introduced to incentivize domestic semiconductor production and research in response to these challenges. Signed into law as part of the 2021 National Defense Authorization Act, the CHIPS Act allocates substantial funding to support semiconductor manufacturing, research and development (R&D), and workforce training in the United States. This legislation is set to have far-reaching impacts on the semiconductor industry, the broader economy, and the real estate and construction sectors.

The CHIPS Act: Key Provisions and Objectives

The CHIPS Act encompasses several key provisions designed to revitalize the semiconductor industry in the United States. These provisions include:

1. Financial Incentives for Manufacturing

The CHIPS Act provides significant financial incentives to encourage semiconductor manufacturing in the United States. This includes grants, tax credits, and subsidies for companies that invest in new semiconductor fabrication plants (fabs) and expand existing facilities. The act aims to attract domestic and foreign companies to establish US production operations by reducing manufacturers' financial burden.

2. Research and Development Funding

The CHIPS Act allocates substantial funding for research and development to maintain a competitive edge in semiconductor technology. This funding supports cutting-edge research initiatives, industry and academia partnerships, and the development of advanced manufacturing techniques. The act seeks to position the United States as a global leader in semiconductor technology by fostering innovation.

3. Workforce Development

A skilled workforce is essential for the success of the semiconductor industry. The CHIPS Act includes provisions for workforce development programs to train and upskill workers in semiconductor manufacturing and related fields. These programs aim to create a talent pipeline capable of meeting the demands of a rapidly evolving industry.

4. Strengthening Supply Chain Resilience

The CHIPS Act emphasizes the importance of a robust and resilient semiconductor supply chain. The act aims to mitigate supply chain disruptions and enhance national security by incentivizing domestic production and reducing dependence on foreign suppliers.

5. Collaboration and Innovation

The CHIPS Act encourages collaboration between government agencies, industry stakeholders, and academic institutions. The act seeks to drive innovation and accelerate the development of advanced semiconductor technologies by fostering partnerships and knowledge-sharing.

Developments and Projects Across the USA

The passage of the CHIPS Act has sparked a wave of investment and development in the semiconductor industry across the United States. Several high-profile projects are underway, reflecting the renewed focus on domestic semiconductor manufacturing and research.

1. Intel's Expansion in Arizona

Intel, one of the world's leading semiconductor manufacturers, announced a significant expansion of its manufacturing operations in Arizona. The company is investing $20 billion to build two new semiconductor developments at its Ocotillo campus in Chandler, Arizona. These state-of-the-art facilities will produce advanced logic chips, supporting various applications from data centers to autonomous vehicles.

Intel's expansion is expected to create thousands of high-tech jobs and reinforce Arizona's position as a hub for semiconductor manufacturing. The new fabs will strengthen the domestic supply chain and reduce reliance on overseas production.

2. TSMC's New Fab in Arizona

Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Company (TSMC), the world's largest contract chipmaker, also invests in Arizona. TSMC is building a $12 billion semiconductor fabrication plant in Phoenix, marking its first advanced manufacturing facility in the United States. The new fab will produce cutting-edge 5-nanometer chips, essential for next-generation technologies such as 5G, artificial intelligence, and high-performance computing.

TSMC's investment underscores the strategic importance of the US market and aligns with the objectives of the CHIPS Act to enhance domestic semiconductor manufacturing capabilities. The project is expected to create numerous jobs and stimulate economic growth in the region.

3. Samsung's Investment in Texas

Samsung, another global leader in semiconductor manufacturing, has announced plans to invest $17 billion in a new semiconductor fab development in Taylor, Texas. The facility will focus on producing advanced logic chips for various applications, including mobile devices, 5G, and artificial intelligence. Samsung's investment represents one of the most significant foreign direct investments in the United States and is expected to generate thousands of high-skilled jobs.

The new fab in Texas will be critical in bolstering the domestic semiconductor supply chain and ensuring a reliable supply of advanced chips for the US market. Samsung's commitment to expanding its manufacturing footprint in the US aligns with the goals of the CHIPS Act and reflects the growing importance of domestic production.

4. GlobalFoundries' Expansion in New York

GlobalFoundries, a leading semiconductor manufacturer, is expanding its operations in New York. The company has announced a $1 billion investment to increase production capacity at its fab in Malta, New York. This expansion will support the growing demand for semiconductors in various industries, including automotive, telecommunications, and defense.

GlobalFoundries' investment will enhance the company's ability to produce a wide range of semiconductor products and contribute to the resilience of the domestic supply chain. The expansion is also expected to create hundreds of new jobs and drive economic growth in the region.

5. Micron Technology's R&D Initiatives

Micron Technology, a leading memory and storage solutions provider, invests in research and development to advance semiconductor technology. The company plans to build a new R&D center to develop cutting-edge memory technologies in Boise, Idaho. This initiative aligns with the CHIPS Act's emphasis on innovation and underscores the importance of R&D in maintaining a competitive edge in the semiconductor industry.

Micron's R&D center will serve as a hub for innovation, fostering collaboration between researchers, engineers, and industry partners. The center will also contribute to workforce development by providing training and skill development opportunities in advanced semiconductor technologies.

6. SkyWater Technology's Expansion in Minnesota

SkyWater Technology, a U.S.-based semiconductor foundry, is expanding its manufacturing capabilities in Minnesota. The company is investing $170 million to enhance its production capacity and support the development of advanced semiconductor technologies. This expansion will enable SkyWater to meet the growing demand for domestically produced semiconductors and contribute to supply chain resilience.

SkyWater's investment will create new jobs and strengthen the company's position as a critical player in the US semiconductor industry. The expansion also aligns with the goals of the CHIPS Act by promoting domestic manufacturing and reducing reliance on foreign suppliers.

7. Texas Instruments New Fab in Texas

Texas Instruments (TI), a major semiconductor company, has announced plans to build a new 300-millimeter semiconductor wafer fabrication plant in Richardson, Texas. This $3 billion investment will focus on producing analog and embedded processing chips essential for various industrial, automotive, and consumer electronics applications.

The new fab will enhance TI's manufacturing capabilities and support the growing demand for semiconductor products in various industries. The project is expected to create hundreds of high-tech jobs and contribute to the local economy. TI's investment aligns with the CHIPS Act's objectives of strengthening domestic manufacturing and supply chain resilience.

8. ON Semiconductor's Expansion in Oregon

ON Semiconductor, a leading supplier of semiconductor-based solutions, is expanding its manufacturing operations in Oregon. The company has announced a $600 million investment to increase production capacity at its Gresham, Oregon facility. This expansion will support the growing demand for semiconductors in the automotive, industrial, and consumer electronics markets.

ON Semiconductor's investment will create new jobs and enhance its ability to deliver high-quality semiconductor products to its customers. The expansion aligns with the goals of the CHIPS Act by promoting domestic manufacturing and reducing supply chain vulnerabilities.

Implications for Real Estate Development and Construction

The CHIPS Act and the subsequent investments in semiconductor manufacturing and research have significant implications for real estate development and construction. Establishing new semiconductor fabs, R&D centers, and related infrastructure projects will drive commercial and residential real estate demand, stimulate construction activity, and create opportunities for developers and contractors to build the facilities themselves but also in the development of the surrounding ecosystems and communities.

Increased Demand for Commercial Real Estate

The construction of new semiconductor fabs and R&D centers requires significant commercial real estate development. Companies need large tracts of land to build state-of-the-art manufacturing facilities, offices, and support infrastructure. This increased demand for commercial real estate will benefit developers, landowners, and local economies.

Development of Industrial Parks and Innovation Hubs

The semiconductor industry's growth will drive the development of industrial parks and innovation hubs. These areas will house semiconductor manufacturing facilities, research centers, and support services, creating vibrant innovation and economic activity ecosystems. Real estate developers can capitalize on this trend by developing modern, well-equipped industrial parks and communities that cater to the specific needs of semiconductor companies.

Expansion of Residential Real Estate

The influx of high-tech jobs and economic activity associated with semiconductor manufacturing will boost demand for residential real estate. Employees working in new fabs and R&D centers will need housing, driving demand for single-family homes, apartments, and rental properties. Real estate developers can seize this opportunity by building convenient residential communities with access to employment centers and amenities.

Infrastructure Development

The construction of semiconductor fabs and related facilities requires significant infrastructure development, including roads, utilities, and transportation networks. Government agencies, private developers, and construction firms must collaborate to ensure the necessary infrastructure is in place to support these large-scale projects. This will create opportunities for construction companies specializing in infrastructure development.

Green Building and Sustainability

Sustainability is a growing concern in real estate development and construction. Semiconductor companies are increasingly adopting green building practices to reduce their environmental impact and achieve sustainability goals. Developers and contractors can differentiate themselves by incorporating sustainable design principles, energy-efficient systems, and green building materials into their projects. LEED certification and other sustainability standards will be crucial in attracting environmentally conscious tenants and investors.

Workforce Housing and Community Development

Expanding the semiconductor industry will create a need for workforce housing and community development. Real estate developers can address this need by building affordable housing options for workers and amenities such as schools, healthcare facilities, and recreational areas. Creating vibrant, livable communities will enhance employees' quality of life and contribute to semiconductor projects' long-term success.

Public-Private Partnerships

Public-private partnerships will be essential for successfully implementing semiconductor projects and the associated real estate development. Collaboration between government agencies, private developers, and industry stakeholders can facilitate the planning, financing, and execution of large-scale projects. These partnerships can also help address regulatory challenges, streamline permitting processes, and ensure that projects align with community needs and priorities.

The impact of the CHIPS Act on real estate development and construction is already being felt in various regions across the United States. According to a report by CBRE, the demand for industrial real estate in crucial semiconductor manufacturing hubs has surged, with vacancy rates dropping to historic lows and rental rates increasing. The increased demand for commercial and industrial real estate drives new construction and development activity, creating opportunities for developers and investors.

In addition, the influx of high-tech jobs is boosting demand for residential real estate in regions hosting semiconductor projects. The National Association of Realtors (NAR) reports that home prices in these areas have increased by an average of 10% over the past year, reflecting the growing demand for housing. Rental markets are also experiencing strong demand, with rental rates rising and vacancy rates declining.

Regional Economic Impact

Establishing new semiconductor fabs and R&D centers will profoundly impact regional economies. The influx of investment, job creation, and economic activity will benefit local communities, support small businesses, and drive infrastructure development. Regions hosting these projects will experience increased economic prosperity and long-term growth.

For example, Intel's expansion in Arizona is expected to generate over 3,000 high-tech jobs and support an additional 15,000 indirect jobs in the region. The project will contribute to the local economy through increased spending on goods and services, tax revenues, and infrastructure improvements.

Similarly, Samsung's investment in Texas will create 2,000 direct and 6,500 indirect jobs, boosting the local economy and driving demand for real estate development and construction.

Challenges and Future Considerations

While the CHIPS Act represents a significant step forward for the US semiconductor industry and real estate development, several challenges and considerations must be addressed to ensure its long-term success.

Addressing Talent Shortages

The semiconductor industry faces a talent shortage, particularly in advanced manufacturing and R&D roles. To attract and retain skilled workers, workforce development programs must be effectively implemented. Collaboration between industry, academia, and government will be essential to creating training programs that align with industry needs.

The global semiconductor market is highly competitive, with countries like China, South Korea, and Taiwan investing heavily in their semiconductor industries. The US must continue to invest in innovation, research, and manufacturing to maintain its competitive edge. Strategic partnerships and international collaboration will also be crucial in addressing global competition.

Ensuring Sustainable Development

As semiconductor manufacturing expands, the environmental impact of new fabs and facilities must be considered. Companies must adopt sustainable practices, such as energy-efficient manufacturing processes and waste reduction measures. Government incentives and regulations can encourage sustainable development and minimize the semiconductor industry's environmental footprint.

Balancing Supply and Demand

The semiconductor industry is cyclical, with periods of high demand followed by periods of oversupply. Companies and policymakers must carefully balance supply and demand to avoid fluctuations and ensure long-term stability. Diversifying product portfolios and expanding into emerging markets can mitigate the risks associated with cyclical demand.

Leveraging Public-Private Partnerships

Public-private partnerships will be essential for the successful implementation of the CHIPS Act. Collaboration between government agencies, industry stakeholders, and academic institutions can drive innovation, address challenges, and maximize the impact of investments. These partnerships can also facilitate knowledge-sharing and promote best practices across the industry.

Addressing Real Estate Challenges

The rapid expansion of semiconductor manufacturing and research will create challenges for real estate development, including land acquisition, zoning, and permitting. Developers and government agencies must work together to address these challenges and ensure that projects can move forward efficiently. Streamlining permitting processes and providing incentives for development can accelerate project timelines and reduce costs.


The CHIPS Act represents a transformative effort to revitalize the US semiconductor industry and strengthen the nation's technological and economic security. The investments in manufacturing, research, and workforce development are driving significant developments across the United States, creating jobs, stimulating economic growth, and enhancing supply chain resilience.

The projects and initiatives supported by the CHIPS Act, such as Intel's expansion in Arizona, TSMC's new fab in Phoenix, and Samsung's investment in Texas, reflect the renewed focus on domestic semiconductor production. These developments are positioning the United States as a global leader in semiconductor technology and ensuring a stable supply of critical components for various industries.

From a real estate development and construction perspective, the CHIPS Act drives commercial and residential real estate demand, stimulates construction activity, and creates opportunities for developers and contractors. The increased demand for industrial parks, innovation hubs, and workforce housing will benefit local economies and support long-term growth.

While challenges remain, the CHIPS Act's emphasis on innovation, collaboration, and sustainability provides a solid foundation for the future of the US semiconductor industry. The United States can maintain its competitive edge and drive continued growth in the semiconductor sector by addressing talent shortages, navigating global competition, and fostering public-private partnerships.

As the semiconductor industry evolves, the CHIPS Act will be crucial in shaping its trajectory and ensuring that the United States remains at the forefront of technological advancements. The developments built around the country are a testament to the act's impact and the potential for a brighter future in semiconductor manufacturing, real estate development, and innovation.

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